[Jump to the chocolate babka recipe, which includes step-by-step braiding photos to make a round loaf.]
My husband, Simon, is Jewish-American, with ancestral roots in Poland and Russia. We love celebrating each other’s holidays, and Rosh Hashanah has always been one of my favorites to cook for. Sometimes it’s a big gathering with all our friends. And other times it’s just the two of us. Right now, we’re in the middle of another international move (🤭 more on that soon…). So this year it was just the two of us celebrating way too early, because we’re currently on vacation in Korea, waiting to fly to our new home. But back before I packed up my entire kitchen and stand mixer, I baked a chocolate babka.
Pomegranate seeds are an essential part of the Jewish new year, so a chocolate loaf with both pomegranate seeds and molasses felt like the perfect way to celebrate. It’s chocolatey, tangy, and a little sweet, and it’s braided round-challah-style, which looks super complicated, but is actually a lot easier than it seems. I’ve even put together step-by-step braiding photos to make it super straightforward to learn how.
I also want to wish a happy Rosh Hashanah to my Jewish-Assyrian friends and family in particular. Eastern Orthodoxy (an early denomination of Christianity) is an important and beautiful part of Assyrian identity. But it’s also important to remember that some of us come from families with multiple religions and ethnicities under one roof, and many of us embody multiple identities.
So here’s to twice the traditions, twice the celebrations, and all the love!
An early shanah tovah to all, and eidukhen howie breekhah ❤️Print
chocolate babka with pomegranate
- Prep Time: 1 hour 15 minutes
- Total Time: 4 1/2 hours
- Yield: 8 to 10 servings
for the dough:
- 175g whole milk (3/4 cup)
- 6g dry active yeast (2 teaspoons)
- 100g sugar (1/2 cup)
- 3 large eggs, at room temperature (160g total)
- 600g all purpose flour (4 2/3 cups), divided into 500g and 100g
- 7g salt (1 1/4 teaspoons)
- 115g softened butter (1 stick)
for the filling:
- 40g butter (3 tablespoons)
- 130g dark chocolate chips (at least 60 % cacao) / 3/4 cup
- 75g pomegranate molasses (about 3 tablespoons)
- 1 pinch salt (about ⅛ teaspoon)
for the syrup and topping:
- 50g sugar (1/4 cup)
- 45g water (3 tablespoons)
- (optional) pomegranate arils for sprinkling (about 2 tablespoons)
- For the dough: Preheat the oven to 180°F (80°C). Once it preheats, turn it off and open the door open a crack before you start making the dough.
- Microwave the milk until it’s about 115°F (45°C). Add the yeast to the bowl of a stand mixer (fitted with the hook attachment), stir in the warm milk, and let it sit for about 5 minutes.
- Add the sugar, eggs, 500g of the flour, and salt to the stand mixer. Let the mixer run at low speed with the hook attachment, just until everything is incorporated into a very shaggy dough. Add the butter 1 tablespoon at a time with the mixer running at low speed, allowing each tablespoon to disappear completely before adding more.
- Once all the butter has been added, gradually add the last 100g of flour 1 tablespoon of the time with the mixer still running on low. Once the dough pulls away from the sides of the bowl, stop adding flour (I add exactly 100g, but you might need more or less if you don’t measure precisely with grams). It’s ok if the dough pools at the very bottom of the bowl.
- Increase speed to medium, and knead the dough for about 7 minutes, until it’s smooth and elastic.
- Lightly oil a mixing bowl and your hands. Scrape the dough into the bowl, and use your hands to shape it into a ball (tuck itself under its bottom to smooth out the surface). Leave it in the bowl with the seam-side facing down.
- Cover the bowl of dough with plastic wrap, place it in the oven (again, make sure the oven heat is off and that it has cooled down for at least 10 minutes), leave the door open a crack, and let it proof for about 1 hour. The dough is done rising once it’s noticeably larger, and has approximately doubled in size. While it’s rising, make the filling.
- For the filling: Melt the butter in a small saucepan over medium heat. As soon as it almost completely melts (and no longer), remove from heat, add the dark chocolate, and start stirring it together.
- Once the chocolate has melted, add the pomegranate molasses and salt, and give it another stir. Let it cool to room temperature before using it (it should be spreadable like room temperature frosting).
- Fill and braid, using the instructions following this recipe.
- Cover loosely with plastic wrap, and let it rise for about 45 minutes at room temperature, until it’s puffed up slightly (it will take less time if your room is warmer than 70°F. It shouldn’t double in size, just about 1.25 to 1.5x its original size).
- Once you’re almost ready to bake preheat the oven to 350°F (175°C).
- Bake for 35 minutes uncovered.
- Loosely tent with aluminum foil and continue to bake for another 30 to 45 minutes, until its internal temperature reads 200°F (93°C). If you want the top to brown more, remove the foil for the last 10 minutes. While it’s baking, make the syrup.
- For the syrup: Place the sugar in a small saucepan and cover with the water. Set over medium-high heat and bring to a simmer. Simmer for about 1 minute until the sugar dissolves (no longer, or it’ll turn into candy). Let it cool down as the babka bakes.
- As soon as the babka comes out of the oven, brush with the cooled syrup, and then top immediately with pomegranate arils. Let it cool to room temperature (or at least 40 minutes) before slicing and serving.
Storage: Promise me you will not put this bread in the refrigerator. It has a lot of butter and flour, so it will start to stale almost immediately in the fridge. Without the pomegranate arils, it will last at room temperature for several days. The pomegranate arils will shorten its room temperature shelf life to just 1 or 2 days. But it keeps wonderfully in the freezer for 3 months, either frozen as an entire loaf of cut into individual pieces (wrapped tightly, in either case).
rolling and braiding a round chocolate babka
rolling and splitting the logs into 4 strips
- On an unfloured smooth surface, divide the dough into 2 equal pieces. Shape each into a smooth ball. Roll out the first ball into a 12×19-inch rectangle, about 1/8-inch thick (let the dough rest to relax if it fights you, and make sure you roll it out all the way or you won’t be able to use all the filling). To get a rectangular shape, pull the corners out between rollings.
- Once the first dough is rolled out, evenly spread half the filling over its surface, leaving a border of 1/2-inch on one of the longer sides and 1/8 inch on all the other sides, and brush a tiny bit of water on the side with the large border. Tightly roll it up from the chocolatey long side to the bare long side. Pinch it closed, and then pinch the ends closed too. Repeat with the other half of the dough and filling.
- Let the 2 logs rest for 5 minutes, and then use scissors to slice each log open lengthwise, leaving 4 strips of dough (2 from each log). Line a sheet pan with parchment.
braiding the chocolate babka loaf
All strips should be facing cut-side-up at all times. Think of them as always having 4 sets of parallel partners—when you twist them, each strip should join up with a new partner. If a strip is coming from under another one, it should get folded over its partner. If a strip is coming from over another one, it should be folded under its partner. But if this makes no sense to you, just follow the images and directions below, and you’ll be just fine.
I’ve made this every year for the last three years. Truly sublime. Thank you for honoring my favorite fall fruit with this recipe. Pomegranates FOREVER!!!! <3
Aw that makes me so happy!
Yay, pomegranates are the best. A friend of mine has actually been lobbying for years to get a pomegranate emoji added——one of these days!!
Gosh Kathryn, I love all your recipes! When my sons and nieces call me for recipes, I just send them to your website and they are always thrilled!! I think you make your Nana proud!! 🤩
I’m going to try this for Christmas and will let you know how it turns out! My youngest grandson LOVES chocolate, so I’ll keep you posted❤️
Merry Christmas and safe travels
aw thank you so much Linda, that is so kind of you to say!! Hope you all enjoy it! Merry Christmas to you and yours!
If I wanted to try this with different fillings, what weight/quantity of filling would you suggest?
Also, would you recommend baking this in a spring form pan to prevent unraveling?
Good questions! Re. filling quantities, it kind of depends on the kind of filling. The best way to experiment is to just make sure you roll it out super thinly, and then use a thin layer so it doesn’t ooze everywhere (whatever it is that you’re using). I’ve actually got some fun babka variations in the pipeline, but will probably be releasing them alongside some early materials for my forthcoming book in a few months. But something to look forward to!
I wouldn’t worry about using a springform pan—it holds together really well, at least in my experience. Just make sure you tuck the ends under sufficiently, and it should be just fine.
You have, hands down, the best instructional sequence of pictures/steps for rolling and braiding the babka that I have seen anywhere. And believe me I have really been looking(!)…scouring the internet and trying various sites/pages’ descriptions for a week now. But you explain and show it perfectly. Thank you a million.
Omg, well you have, hands down, the nicest comment of all time, and you seriously made my day! <3 I’m so glad these instructions were helpful!!
This looks absolutely amazing! Thank you so much for the braiding guidance too, I think I (a babka newbie) will need it!
Thank you, and I’m so glad I could help!! 😀
Beautiful! I will study this, not sure if I will attempt but making sure my BFF, an avid baker is copied on this! Illustrations for assembly are excellent! Good luck with your move!
BFFs who bake are the besssssst! Hope you end up with a delicious babka one way or another! <3
Rachel>>Strangers on a
This looks both incredible and incredibly complicated. If and when I try this one I know those braiding visuals will come in handy.
Oh I’m so glad I could help! The braiding also works great for round challah loaves (and it’s way easier that way, because you don’t have to worry about the cut-side facing up, phew!). Hope you enjoy the process (and the bread!) <3
Looks delicious and thanks for the detailed braiding instructions
Glad I could help! 😀